History of Colin Grove

1. 31 Oct. 1765 - The land that would later become Colin Grove was part of a 3000 acre grant at Cole Harbour made to Benjamin Green Jr. and five others.

2. 30 May 1773 - Cole Harbour Grant divided off into six lots. Thomas Newell, Lot 1. Benjamin Bridge, Lot 2. James Wakefield, Lot 3. Benjamin Wakefield, Lot 4. Benjamin Green Jr., Lot 5. Frederick Ott, Lot 6. (See Plan1)

Each of the six lots approxmated 500 acres, but it seems that none was exactly 500. Certainly, Lot 3 was closer to 350 acres and Lot 4, closer to 750 acres—which inequality was owing to the fact that, in the most westerly portion of the 3000 acre grant where these two lots were situated, the Cole Harbour Road entered the grant at an angle, cutting off what would otherwise have been the southwest corner of Lot 3 before lining up squarely enough to divide the other four lots more or less evenly. The problem that might have arisen out of the inequality between Lots 3 and 4 seems to have been forestalled by their being assigned to two members (apparently) of the same family. Lot 3 went to James Wakefield and Lot 4, to Benjamin Wakefield.

3. 29 Sept. 1783 - James Wakefield, of Halifax, Painter and Glazier, and wife Ann to Nathaniel Russell, Josiah Richardson, and Ephraim Wyman, all of Halifax, Yeomen. For 100 pounds. All of Lot 3. (Bk. 20, p. 69) 

Lot 3 was divided in Feb. 1784. (See Plan 2 ) Northern portion [183 acres] went to Richardson. Southern portion [154 acres] to Wyman. The smallest portion, the portion between "The Old Road to Lawrencetown" and "The New Road to Lawrencetown" (which new section of road had been cut north of the old section—through Lot 3—in the fall of 1783), went to Russell, who had purchased the land south of the road (i.e., Lot 4) from Benjamin Wakefield, for 100 pounds, the same day he and his partners purchased Lot 3. The cutting of the new section of road had the effect of placing Russell's portion of Lot 3 on the south side of the road, where it would now be a part of Lot 4. That portion would appear to have contained about 40 or 50 acres, if one may judge from the relative size of the three portions as they appear on the plan.)

4. 7 June 1784 - Ephraim Wyman, of Halifax, to Robert Collins. For 95 pounds. Containing 154 acres and a quarter and two rods. (Bk. 20, p. 325)

5. 7 June 1784? - (No date given, and little description—refers to plan). Josiah [written "Joseph"] Richardson, of Halifax, to Robert Collins. For 175 pounds. Containing 183 acres. (Bk. 20, p. 319)

6. 2 Jan. 1811 (will made); 31 March 1812 (proved) - Will of Robert Collins: Everything to wife Sarah Collins during her life. Then:

"To my two Daughters Sally Collins and Sukey Collins the South half part of the Farm now occupied by me with the new Garden and half the Garden South of the House, and the large Meadow the North side of the main road fronting the West side of the Dwelling House. Also the North and South front parlours and East and West (South) Chambers with the use of the kitchen and main passage of the said House, and half the Cellar, with half the Barn and out-houses. I also give and bequeath to my said two daughters Sally Collins and Sukey Collins Six Cows, 1 Heifer, One Yearling, One Horse, and Fifteen Sheep with all the increase from said Stock, also whatever Sums or Sum of Money, Bonds, Book Debts and Notes I may die possessed of with the use of half the pasturage grounds of my said Estate, the Wood Land to be for the joint benefit of my said two Daughters and my Son Stephen Collins, with this injunction no Wood to be cut off for sale, and it is my further Will and pleasure that all roads, walk ways and water courses to be free for each other during their lives. The remainder and residue of my Real Estate, I give demise and bequeath to my Son Stephen Collins forever except the Five Hundred Acres of land at Owls Head, which I give, Demise and Bequeath to my said two Daughters Sally Collins and Sukey Collins forever."
7. 12 April 1813 - Sally Collins and Sukey Collins, of the Township of Dartmouth, Spinsters, to Stephen Collins, of the same place, Farmer. For 500 pounds. Their share in Colin Grove as received in their father's will. (Bk. 40, p. 330)

8. 12 April 1813 - Sally and Sukey Collins, of the Township of Dartmouth, Spinsters, to Stephen Collins. For 50 pounds. The animals received in the will: "six cows, one heifer, one yearling, one horse, fifteen sheep, with all the increase from said stock." (Bk.40, p.331a)

9. 14 April 1813 - Mortgage: Stephen Collins, of Township of Dartmouth, Farmer, to Sally Collins and Sukey Collins, of the same place, Spinsters. Bound "in the penal sum of 1,100 pounds conditional for the payment of 550 pounds with interest." Colin Grove. (Stephen and Phoebe sign.) (Bk. 40, p. 331b)

10. 14 April 1813 - Bond: Stephen Collins to Sally and Sukey Collins. (Bk. 40, p. 333)

11. 10 Dec. 1814 - Stephen Collins, of Dartmouth, Gentleman, and wife Phebe to John Stayner, of Halifax, Gentleman. For 20 pounds. Seven acres. The triangle of land at the very NW corner of Colin Grove, the piece north of the Old Preston Road. ("Luisa Collins" is a witness. "T. Chamberlain" is also a witness. (Stephen and Phebe sign.) (Bk. 41, p. 484)

12. 25 June 1819 - Mortgage: Stephen Collins, of Dartmouth, Farmer, and wife Phebe to Susan Collins, of Halifax, Spinster. Bound "in the penal sum of 1,100 pounds conditional for the payment of 550 pounds with interest." Colin Grove. (Bk. 44, p. 518)

(It seems that over the last five years Stephen Collins has been able to pay no more on his loan than the interest, if that. In the meantime, Sally Collins has become married (to John Prescott, 26 Sept. 1816), and it would appear that Sally's share in Stephen's mortgage has somehow been taken over by her sister Susan—Sukey).13. 25 June 1819 - Bond: Stephen Collins and wife Phebe to Susan Collins. (Bk. 44, p. 520)

14. 19 July 1825 - Susan Collins to Henry Mott, Esquire, and John Farquharson, Farmer, both of Dartmouth. In Trust. Reference is made to the Mortgage of 25 June 1819: "The principal money therein mentioned [has] not been paid but still [remains] wholly due and unpaid and also that a marriage [has] been agreed upon and [is] shortly to be solemnized between the said Susan Collins and the said John Wellner and in the Treaty for the said intended marriage it [has] been agreed upon that the said premises in the said Indenture of Mortgage . . . and the monies thereby secured and to which the said Susan Collins was thereby entitled as aforesaid should be settled and disposed of so as the same should during the continuance of the said intended coverture be and continue to and at the sole and seperate use control and disposal of her the said Susan Collins." [Susan and John Wellner vere married two days later, on 21 July 1825.] This deed has John Wellner as "of the third part"; presumably this is done to make it clear that he is fully cognizant of and fully supportive of the terms of the transaction.

In essence, Susan Collins is placing the mortgage she holds on Stephen Collins' farm (i.e., Colin Grove) in the hands of Mott and Farquharson "for such intents and purposes and in such manner as she the said Susan Collins at any time or times [hereafter] /notwithstanding her coverture [i.e., her status as a married woman] and whether she be sole or married/ by any deed or deeds Instrument or Instruments in writing," etc. "should from time to time direct give limit and appoint." (A trust to which she has complete access.) (Indenture cited in Bk. 53, p.379 ff., made 1828.)

15. 18 April 1828 - Release and Assignment: 1) Susan Wellner, wife of John Wellner of Halifax, Gentleman. 2) Henry Mottt, Esquire, and John Farquharson, Farmer, both of Dartmouth. 3) Stephen Collins, of Dartmouth, Farmer. [This indenture comes 11 months after Stephen Collins' house was burned to the ground, on 20 May 1827.]

Prenuptial trust deed of Susan Collins of 19 July 1825 referred to in detail (including reference to Mortgage deed of 25 June 1819).

Then: "The said Susan Wellner is now desirous of having the said Farm lots . . . set over to the said Stephen Collins . . . the said Stephen Collins having fully settled and accounted with the said Susan WelIner for the Principal money and Interest due." (It's apparent from the deed that follows that Stephen simply returned to Susan the south half of Colin Grove that had been bequeathed to her and Sally by their father Robert Collins in 1812—that piece of land and, possibly, a significant portion of his own inherited land, arguably in compensation for the interest owed on the mortgage.) (Bk. 53, p. 379)

16. 19 April 1828 - Stephen Collins, of Dartmouth, Farmer, to Susanah Wellner, of Halifax, wife of John Wellner. For 500 pounds. "The southern part of the estate of the late Robert Collins." Containing 160 acres. (Bk. 51, p.56)

17. 18 June 1828 - John Wellner, of Halifax, Gentleman, and wife Susan WelIner to Hood McKenzie Clifford, of Halifax aforesaid, Gentleman. (Ref. to the Indenture of 19 April 1828.) For 200 pounds. The southern part of the estate of the late Robert Collins, containing 160 acres. (Bk. 60, p.386) [Hood Clifford was Susan's nephew and Stephen Collins' nephew, Hood being the son of their older sister Elizabeth (Collins) Clifford. On 10 Feb. 1831, Hood Clifford married his cousin Georgiana Collins, second youngest daughter of Stephen, which latter now became Hood's father-in-law in addition to being his uncle.]

18. 29 Sept. 1834 - Thomas Beamish of Halifax and Jonathan Elliot of Dartmouth, Gentlemen, Administrators for Stephen Collins, late of Dartmouth, Gentleman, deceased, to Hood Clifford, of Darmouth, Gentleman. [Stephen Collins died 1 Sept. 1831 intestate. On 8 Sept. 1834, his premises were put up to sale at public auction and sold to the highest bidder, Hood McKenzie Clifford.] For 227 pounds. The northern portion of the estate of the late Robert Collins, containing 128 acres. (Bk. 60., p.343. Contains plan—reproduced as Plan 7 )

It seems a number of acres are unaccounted for. When Robert Collins bought his two lots in 1784, he got 183 acres fran Richardson and 154 acres from Wyman, totalling 337 acres. Of these, Stephen sold seven acres to Stayner in 1814, which would leave 330. Then in 1828 he "sold" the southern portion, containing 160 acres to his sister Susan WelIner, who in turn sold it to Hood Clifford. That should have left Stephen with 330 acres minus 160 acres, i.e., with 170 acres. But somehow he ends up with 128 acres. The question is, what happened to the other 42 acres.

One thing seems clear—that a month or so before the northern portion of Colin Grove was sold to Hood Clifford, Thomas Ott Beamish and Jonathan Elliot themselves believed it to contain 170 acres, as seems to be demonstrated in the following advertisement:

    "To be sold at Public Auction, to the highest bidder, on Monday the eighth day of September next, at twelve o'clock at noon, on the premises, in pursuance of an order of His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor and His Majesty's Council,

    "All that certain tract, piece or parcel of Land, situate in Dartmouth, Two Miles from the Ferry, consisting of the northern half of the Farm of the late Stephen Collins, deceased, bounded on the north by the Estate of the late W. Brindley [sic], and on the south by the Farm of Mr. Hood Clifford, near the Cole Harbour road, containing 170 acres more or less—about 15 of which are at present under cultivation.

    "THOS. OTT BEAMISH, Admini-

    "JONATHAN ELLIOTT, strators

    "August 6, 1834."

    —Nova Scotia Royal Gazette, 27 Aug. 1834.

Very likely, Stephen Collins had believed the same. Evidently, it was not until Titus Smith's survey, in Sept. 1834, that it dawned on anyone that Colin Grove contained 42 acres less than was thought; that after Susan's 160 acres were removed, there were only 128 acres left.

The question remains: what happened to the 42 acres. Certainly, Titus Smith wasn't wrong; the missing 42 acres were never found in later suuveys. When Clifford's land vas sold years later to Settle and Kuhn, it totalled 288 acres, or exactly 160 acres plus 128 acres; and when Settle and Kuhn had it surveyed in 1885, the total acreage remained virtually the same. Perhaps the measurements of 1784 were just not all that accurate. Or perhaps the missing 42 acres are related to Russell's 40 or 50 acres which in 1784 went to the south side of the road—see item 3.

Another inconsistency revolves around the 160 acre southern portion that was sold twice in 1828. It would seem that this is the same lot that is designated "Clifford" in the plan of the present 1834 deed. The trouble is, from the description in the 1828 deeds its northern boundary would appear to be different from what is shown in the plan:

Beginning "at a certain landmark on the west side of a small lake called Collin's Lake, thence north 87 degrees west 26 rods, then north 70 degrees west until it meets the Preston Road, or in the courses run on the 14th day of this month for the north boundary of this tract, then south west in the several courses of the Preston Road," etc.
This northern boundary would seen to be made up of two converging lines, whereas the northern boundary on the 1834 plan is one straight line. Nevertheless, the southern portion of this 1834 plan must contain 160 acres because, as has been said, when the Clifford farm was sold years later it totalled 160 acres plus 128 acres, i.e., 288 acres.

19. 12 Oct. 1866 (date will was made) - Will of Hood Clifford. Everything to wife "Georgenia Harriett" (later in document "Georgenia Harriet") "during the term of her natural life or as long as she remains my widow, for a maintenance for herself and my children as long as they remain single and unmarried." After her decease, the estate to be divided equally among the children surviving him. The northern portion of farm to be sold for the best price that can be obtained "either at public auction or private sale, but first to offer the same to the said Daniel W. Fraser who is at present residing with me" for 500 pounds. The money from the sale to be invested "and the interest arising therefrom to be paid to my said wife during her widowhood for the maintenance of herself and family, but no portion of it to go to any child who shall have married during her mother's widowhood." Executors to be "Georgenia Harriet Clifford" and "Francis Stephen Beamish of the City of Halifax Barrister at law" (Louisa's son). (In a related document, dated 25 Feb. 1867, Clifford's widow signs her name "Georgen H. Clifford," or possibly "Georgin H. Clifford.")

(Hood Clifford died 22 Oct. 1866. His will was proved 25 Feb. 1867.)

20. 23 Dec. 1873 - Deed: 1) Phoebe Collins Clifford and Elizabeth Jane Clifford, both of Dartmouth, Spinsters; Charles William Gray, of Halifax, Carpenter, and Jessie Georgina Gray (formerly Clifford), his wife. (Phoebe, Elizabeth, and Jessie being "the only children of Hood M. Clifford surviving him"). 2) Georgina Harriet Clifford, of Darmouth, Widow and Executrix of Hood McKenzie Clifford, late of the same place, Farmer, deceased. 3) Francis Stephen Beamish, of Halifax, Barrister at law and Executor of said Hood McKenzie Clifford. 4. Robert Settle Jr., of Cole Harbour, and John Kuhn, of Dartmouth, Farmers.

For 5,600 dollars. "Clifford's Farm." Containing 288 acres. (Bk. 191, p. 428)

21. 1 Jan. 1874 - Mortgage: 1) Robert Settle Jr., of Cole Harbour, Farmer, and Susan Ann Settle, his wife; and John Kuhn, of Dartmouth, Farmer. 2) Georgina Harriet Clifford, of Dartmouth, Widow; and Francis Stephen Beamish, of Halifax, Barrister at law—Executrix and Executor of the estate of Hood McKenzie Clifford, of Dartmouth, Farmer, deceased. 

For 4,400 dollars. "Clifford's Farm." Containing 288 acres. (Bk. 191, p.431) (Release: Bk. 260, p. 592)

22. On 1 Dec. 1885, Robert Settle Jr. and John Kuhn sold for 300 dollars about 14 acres in the very southwest corner of their property to Robert's brother Judson Settle, a blacksmith. (Bk. 325, p.112) He in turn sold a small, triangular piece of his property to Donald McKay. The remaining 274 acres was divided into two equal portions, each containing 137 acres. The northern portion was designated "John Kuhn," and the southern portion, "Robert Settle." (See Plan 9 )

Though all four lots were part of the original Colin Grove estate, the site of Robert Collins', and after him Stephen Collins', farmhouse would be in John Kuhn's 137 acre portion. The plan shows a road, called "J. Kuhn's Road," running from the Cole Harbour Road to Kuhn's south boundary. This was a right-of-way, through Robert Settle Jr.'s property, guaranteed to Kuhn in a deed made 1 Dec. 1885 (Bk. 265, p. 286). In that deed, it is called the "Green Road"—which road is evidently the same road that is shown in Collyer's map of 1808 (see Plan 4 ) and in the "Part of Dartmouth" map of ca. 1820 (see Plan 6 ) as leading from the Cole Harbour Road (at a point just east of the brook) to the Colin Grove farmhouse. The plan of 1885 snows the road stopping at Kuhn's south boundary. This is evidently because the surveyor was interested in the road only as right-of-way. In fact, the road continued beyond that point, about half way to the broken line running north and south (in 1885 plan) to where, at the foot of a ridge also running north and south, it turned abruptly north and made a more gradual ascent of the ridge by cutting across the face of it—than it otherwise could have made by meeting it straight on. This abrupt turn at the end of the road where it ascends the ridge can be seen in Collyer's map of 1808, in Hopkins' map of 1886 (see Plan 10 ), in the Dept. of Mines' Geological Survey map of 1908 (see Plan 11 ), and in a composite air photo taken on 28 July 1945 (see Plan 12 ). (A remnant of the road, its bottom half, can be seen in a map made as recently as 1972 by the Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources—see Plan 13 ).

As the road (evidently also what Louisa Collins in her diary calls the "avenue") reached the top, it turned right, and there, probably not two hundred feet beyond, stood the Collins house with its barns and outbuildings—on a long narrow shelf of land, evidently very good for farming, itself perched one third the way up the large elevation known as Breakheart Hill.

As has been said (see under item 15 above) the Collins house was completely destroyed by fire in 1827. It seems the family didn't build on that site again, Stephen and his remaining children having taken up residence at Brook House where be lived out his days. It seems that Hood Clifford didn't build on that site either, it being very likely that by the time Stephen Collins died in 1831, Clifford had already built a house for himself and his new bride on his original 160 acre purchase, the house probably located where the plan of 1885 shows Robert Settle's house—which is about where (Church's Map of 1865 locates Clifford's house (see Plan 8 ).

It seems likely that no house was built at the site of the 1827 fire until some time after 1873 (i.e., after Robert Settle Jr. and John Kuhn had purchased the Clifford Farm) and before 30 Nov. 1885, the date of the plan of the division of the Clifford Farm—which plan seems to indicate a house on Kuhn's property. From this plan, the Kuhn house seems to be just about where the Collins house had stood (cf. Collyer, 1808 ; and " Part of Dartmouth," ca. 1820 ); but the Dept. of Mines Map, 1908 , suggests that Kuhn's house was a bit east of the Collins' house site, though Hopkins' Map of 1886 appears to agree with the 1885 plan.

Within the last 20 or 30 years, the land that used to be Colin Grove has been the scene of feverish house-building activity. Today it is completely covered by several residential subdivisions. With the old rustic landmarks obliterated by the building boom, it isn't immediately apparent exactly where things used to be. Fortunately, other landmarks are not so easily removed—like the brook that passes under the Cole Harbour Road (now Portland St.) and the ridge across the face of which Louisa's "avenue" ascended to the Collins house. And even though a man-made change on the rural landscape—like the avenue—may all but pass out of existence, the memory of its relative position may be retained on paper for years to come.

For identifying the present location of the Collins house site, the 1972 Dept. of Energy, Mines, and Resources Map is particularly helpful because it shows the land once marked off by the boundaries of Colin Grove in a very telling state of transition. The first three-quarters of Louisa's avenue (the vestige of it) can be seen running across an open, still undeveloped field. By extending the line of that road into the (at the time) recently developed Ellenvale subdivision, one can determine pretty accurately where the original avenue would have ended. In fact, it would have passed only a few tens of feet south and east of where Anderson Street makes a right-angle turn, would have continued to a point—between that corner and Grandview Drive—where the land starts to rise sharply, and then would have turned abruptly north and cut across the face of the ridge upon which Grandview sits. As the slope between Anderson St. (the north-south section) and Grandview is still relatively untamed, signs where the old avenue ascended the ridge still seem to be in evidence. It appears that the old avenue would have reached the top just about in the back yard of No. 19 Grandview and then turned east toward the ColinGrove homestead.

As is evident in the "Part of Dartmouth" Map of ca. 1820 , the Collins house, in addition to being approached by the avenue, could also be approached by a path leading from the Old Preston Road on the north and by another path leading from the Cole Harbour Road part way up Breakheart Hill on the south. The path from the Old Preston Road is indicated on a very old plan (see Plan 3 ). The plan shows "Floyers Purchase" and "Snellings Purchase," both of which lots formed Robert Collins' north bound (Snelling's land, a few years later, became Brinley's). The plan can be dated as around 14 Aug. 1786, the date both purchases were made. Running just inside the boundary between Floyer and Snelling, on the Snelling, or east, side of the line is a path designated "Collins Path." As the Old Preston Road was at this time no more than about a year old; and as access to it by "Collins Path" would have been over very level ground; and as the Collins house stood remarkably far back from the road on which the estate fronted (the Cole Harbour Rd.) and surprisingly close to its own north boundary—it seems logical to assume that the original approach to Colin Grove was by this "Collins Path."

The broken line in the 1885 plan is very likely the joining together of the north and south approaches to Colin Grove as shown in the "Part of Dartmouth" Map of ca. 1820 . What suggests this, is the way this broken line meets the north bound of Kuhn's land just to the east of the line that divides "Toben" from his neighbour to the east.

23.1 Dec. 1885 - John Kuhn, of Dartmouth, Farmer, and wife Martha to Robert Settle Jr., "of the same place," Farmer. For 3,600 dollars. The southern half of Clifford's Farm. Containing 137 acres. (Bk. 265, p.285)

("L. Maud Beamish"—i.e., Louise Maud Beamish, the daughter of Francis S. Beamish, is a witness. Born at Halifax on 9 Aug. 1867, she would have celebrated her 18th birthday just short of four months before the date of this deed. Her grandmother Louisa Collins would have been just about the same age—perhaps just short of 18, if the speculations in A26n1 are correct—when she was witness to the signing of a deed in 1814. See item 11 above.)

24.1 Dec. 1885 - Robert Settle Jr., of Dartmouth, Farmer, and wife Isabella B. Settle to John Kuhn, of Dartmouth, Farmer. For 1,250 dollars. The northern half of Clifford's Farm. Containing 137 acres.

(Together with a free and uninterrupted right of way through and over a Road called the Green Road of twenty feet in width and extending from said John Kuhn's south boundary line to the Cole Harbour Road to be freely used by the said John Kuhn his heirs & assigns for the time being—Kuhn to bear half the expense of keeping up the gates & maintaining said Green Rd.—and R. Settle agrees not to cut or disturb the trees from standing on said Green Road.) (Bk. 265, p.286)

25. 1 Dec. 1885 - Mortgage: 1) Robert settle Jr., of Dartmouth, Farmer, and wife Isabella B. Settle. 2) Georgina Harriet Clifford, of Dartmouth, Widow; and Francis Stephen Beamish, Barrister at Law—Executrix and Executor of Hood McKenzie Clifford, of Dartmouth, Farmer, deceased. For 2,550 dollars. Southern half of old Clifford Farm. Containing 137 acres. (Bk. 265, p.288) (Release: Bk. 281, p. 402)

26. 1 Dec. 1885 - Mortgage: 1) John Kuhn, of Dartmouth, Farmer, and wife Martha. 2) Georgina Clifford and Francis Beamish, etc. For 1,250 dollars. Northern half of old Clifford Farm. Containing 137 acres. (Bk. 265, p. 291) (Release: Bk. 281, p. 401)

27. 23 May 1896 - Robert Settle Jr., of Dartmouth, Farmer, and wife Isabella to John Kuhn, of Dartmouth, Farmer. For one dollar. Some changes to the Green Road, mainly widening of. (Registered 1955 in Bk. 1303, p. 626.)

28. 23 Aug.1945 - Deed: 1) Sole surviving executor of will of John D. Kuhn (Frank W. Settle, of Cole Harbour Road). 2) Ada Kuhn, of Darmouth, Unmarried; John E. Kuhn, of Lower Sackville, and wife Alice; Harry Kuhn, of Westphal, and wife Rita; Arthur Kuhn, of Cole Harbour Road, and wife Emma; and Martha H. Norman, of Dartmouth, Married Woman. (Parties of the 1st and 2nd part are Grantors.) 3) Annie Power, of Dartmouth, Married Woman (Grantee).

John D. Kuhn died 26 Jan.1906 "seized inter alia of the lands hereinafter mentioned." In his will he gave said lands to his wife for her natural life "and at her decease the rest of his estate to be sold and equally divided among his surviving children. "The said Hartha Kuhn has since died and the said Ada Kuhn, John Kuhn, Harry Kuhn, Annie Power, and Arthur Kuhn are the only children of the late John D. Kuhn, who survived their mother the said Martha Kuhn." The only other child of John D. Kuhn surviving him was Hattie V. Gates. She died in 1938. Her sole legatee is Martha Norman.

For 5,000 dollars. The northern portion of Clifford's Farm. Containing 137 acres. "Together with a free and uninterrupted right-of-way through and over a road called the Green Road." (Bk. 933, p.557) [John D. Kuhn's will is in Bk. 381, p.497; made 25 Jan.1906. Apart from the land, the only other thing mentioned is the piano—to go to his son Frank Alexander Kuhn.]

29. 31 Jan.1955 - Annie Power, of Dartmouth, Widow, to Thomas E. Vaughan, of Musquodoboit Harbour. For "one dollar." Northern portion of old Clifford Farm. Containing 137 acres. (Bk. 1303, p.620)

30. 1 Feb.1955 - Thomas Edward Vaughan, of Musquodoboit Harbour, Sales Manager, and wife Alberta Bliss Vaughan to Sogo Construction and Realty Co. Ltd. For "one dollar." The northern portion of the old Clifford Farm. Containing 137 acres. (Bk. 1303, p.643)

(Sogo Construction developed the Ellenvale Subdivision.)

Robert Settle Jr. died intestate 13 Feb. 1918. In June 1920, his heirs sold his 137 acre farm (the southern portion of the old Clifford Farm), for "one dollar," to his son Frank W. Settle (Bk. 542, p. 670). On 7 Jan.1966, Frank Settle deeded it to son Winston Settle (Bk. 2095, p.113). (Frank settle died 23 Nov. 1966.) On 24 Dec. 1968 Winston Settle and wife Dorothy sold virtually the whole farm to the Glendale Building Co. Ltd—to make vay for residential development (Bk. 2289, p. 868).